At the 2001 census it had a population of 1,048, increasing to 1,225 at the 2011 Census.
Oxspring is a small but growing village community of around 500 households nestling in the eastern foothills of the Pennines a short journey from Barnsley and the M1. Sheffield, Wakefield, Leeds and Manchester are all within a 30 miles radius.
The major part of the village of Oxspring is situated to the south of the river Don. Sheffield Road (B6462) passes through the village towards the north side and the Trans Pennine Trail passes through towards the south side.
The village amenities include a post office, a combined C of E church and community hall, named St Aidan's, a primary school and three public houses, the Waggon and Horses on the B6462, the Travellers Inn on the A629 and the Smithy Arms located on Bower hill.There is a small amount of industry towards the northwest end of the village but much of the local activities centre around agriculture and farming.